That same day, Philip received news that his general Parmenion had defeated the combined Illyrian and Paeonian armies, and that his horses had won at the Olympic Games.It was also said that on this day, the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, burnt down.
He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of twenty.
Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC, the city that he planned to establish as his capital, without executing a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia.
In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in the establishment of several states ruled by the Diadochi, Alexander's surviving generals and heirs.
He subsequently overthrew Persian King Darius III and conquered the Achaemenid Empire in its entirety.
At that point, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River.