Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, doi:10.1016/20. (12/08) Chris Butler, Staff Sergeant, Calgary Police Service, Christine Hall, MSc MD FRCPC, Principal Investigator, RESTRAINT Study, Department of Emergency Medicine, Vancouver Island Health Authority, Police/Public Interaction: Arrests, Use of Force by Police, and Resulting Injuries to Subjects and Officers—A Description of Risk in One Major Canadian City (Calgary Police Service, Calgary, Alberta, Canada), Law Enforcement Executive Forum • 2008 • 8(6), pgs 139-155. First, one officer tackled plaintiff, and then a second officer arrived at the scene while the plaintiff and the first officer were struggling, and the second officer used the ECD on plaintiff. 567, The Advanced TASER.(497) (1988) IACP Training Key No. 582, Suicide (Homicide) Bombers: Part II (10/05) IACP Legal Officers' Section 2005 Presentation Materials (Miami, FL). National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, United States Department of Justice.
(01/19/09) Kroll, Mark W., Physiology and pathology of TASER® electronic control devices, Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, doi:10.1016/20. (Part of Discussion) The commonly held belief that the conducted energy weapon carries a significant risk of injury or death for the population of interest is not supported by the data. - Electronic Control Device Legislation: General Themes – Eric Edwards. (06/09/08) Evaluation of the New York Police Department Firearm Training and Firearm-Discharge Review Process, Rand® Center on Quality Policing.
(03/26/09) TASER® Electronic Control Devices: Physiology, Pathology, and Law, by Mark W. Ho (Editor), (Table of Contents) TASER® Conducted Electrical Weapons are rapidly replacing the club for law-enforcement control of violent subjects within many countries around the globe. (2011) Walker, Joseph G., Tase Me One More Time: An Analysis of the Ninth Circuit's Interpretation of the Fourth Amendment, Qualified Immunity, and TASERs in Brooks v. (07/15/05) Electronic Control Weapons General Order, Orange County (FL) Sheriff's Office.He was trained that this risk increased when the subject was in an elevated position off the ground. Here, viewing the facts in the light most favorable to Plaintiff, Plaintiff gave no indication of violence and made no attempt to flee; Officer did not warn her that he would use the ECD or attempt to use any other type of force; and Officer was one of 4 officers on the scene and Plaintiff’s husband was already safely in the squad car. (04/16/07) Civil Liability for Use of Tasers, stunguns, and other electronic control devices Part III: Use Against Detainees and Disabled or Disturbed Persons. (01/05) IACP Model ECW Policy: (08/04) Electronic Control Weapons, Model Policy Draft, IACP National Law Enforcement Policy Center.He was trained that the Springfield Police Department's policy on [ECDs] stated that they "shall not be used in situations where the suspect may fall from a significant height." As noted above, plaintiff's quibble over the adjective "significant" is overstated. The only crime Officer suspected Plaintiff of committing was a violation of the open container statute, a minor crime, particularly since Plaintiff was the passenger in the car. Holding: Federal court in Seattle found that only the first 3 of 5 electronic control device (ECD) discharges were objectively reasonable. (04/96) IACP National Law Enforcement Policy Center, ELECTRONIC RESTRAINT DEVICE: THE TASER® Model Policy. Including Recommendations for Immediate Implementation. Commission for Public Complaints Against Canadian Mounted Police.So, take a stroll down memory lane to remember all of our past Word of the Year selections.Institute for the Prevention of In-Custody Deaths, Inc. The book documents 310 deaths in the United States proximate to the application of TASER electronic control devices from 1983 through 2006. It is true that Michael died following a struggle in which multiple Taser applications were used, but Michael clearly did not die immediately, he was able to breathe and converse with the officers and Henrickson, and the coroner’s report indicates that he died due to complications associated with cocaine ingestion. All further uses of the Taser by Herring, Escareno and Brown were also objectively reasonable due to the totality of the circumstances, particularly Michael’s resistance of the officers and the inability of multiple officers to physically control Michael. See 8th Circuit decision:(07/22/09) Officer asserts that his use of the ECD was reasonable. (05/19/06) Policy 4.01A Use of Less-Lethal Force, Peoria (AZ) Department Policy and Procedure Manual.