The physical basis has been discussed in detail for the nonspecialist by Feathers ().The former covered early work on sites in Africa, Western Europe, East Asia, Siberia, Australia, and the Americas, whereas the latter reviewed the more recent applications as part of a history of the last 50 years of luminescence dating in archaeology.Further details about how these two parameters are estimated are discussed below.of a sample, the sediments must be collected in the dark.Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating of sedimentary quartz grains and thermoluminescence (TL) dating of burnt stones are the methods most commonly applied in archaeological contexts, and the former is the subject of this entry.The use of OSL dating was first proposed by Huntley et al. OSL dating of sediments yields an estimate of the time since mineral grains, such as quartz or feldspars, were last exposed to sunlight.When one technique is not suitable to a particular situation, another technique often is.
Mrozik, A., Bilski, P., Marczewska, B., Obryk, B., Hodyr, K., and Gieszczyk, W. Radio-photoluminescence of highly irradiated Lif: Mg, Ti and Lif: Mg, Cu, P detectors.
Above Right: Auto-grinding mortal and Merinelli Beaker Above Left: Furnaces and shatter box containers.
Models and the conceptual framework necessary for an understanding of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) are described.
In this instance, the duration of burial in the absence of sunlight can provide ages for site occupation, the manufacture of artifacts, and the accumulation of faunal remains, all inferred from the depositional age of the associated surrounding sediments being dated.
The first archaeological application was published by Rhodes (), who used the method to analyze quartz grains from three archaeological sites (Chaperon Rouge, Skhirat, and Tahadart) in Morocco.