The Ohio Steel Foundry turned the corner and grew, eventually expanding its successes in its industry.
The thirties were a decade for organizing labor in Lima.
Dillinger's cohorts broke him out of jail, killing Allen County Sheriff Jess Sarber in the process.
The murder and jailbreak put Dillinger at the top of the FBI's ten most wanted list.
The municipality is located in northwestern Ohio along Interstate 75 approximately 72 miles (116 km) north of Dayton and 78 miles (126 km) south-southwest of Toledo.
As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 38,771.
The foundations of city life followed in quick order. Lima's first surgeon, Doctor William Mc Henry arrived in 1834. Lima's role as a regional center for industry began early.
The Lima Agricultural Works began operations in 1869.
In 1933, gangster John Dillinger was in the Allen County Jail, arrested for robbing the Citizens National Bank in nearby Bluffton.
The Great Depression slowed the pace of industrial expansion.
In 1930, a Lima directory listed 93 industrial employers with some 8,000 employees.
The Locomotive Works also created a new division, the Ohio Power Shovel Company. Despite the hardships of the decade, Lima residents supported the construction of a hospital to serve the area.
Lima Memorial Hospital, named in honor of World War I veterans, opened on Memorial Day, 1933.