Several Royal Orders have been issued amending these constitutional documents, including the Council of Ministers Law, in order to coincide with Saudi Arabia's constitutional evolution-a change examined with greater detail in the following sections.
These fundamental laws and their amendments improved participation in government on the part of the citizenry, while recognizing the role played by civil The legitimacy of the Al-Sa'ud monarchy did not only emerge from its adherence to the constitutional, Islamic-based principle of consultation; it also derived from the relatively smooth transitions in kingship which stemmed from King Abdul-Aziz's truly significant decision to implement the concept of allegiance (Bay'ah) established by the Shari'ah and sanctioned by tradition.
Most importantly, the fourth article of this document established several governmental bodies, which included the Consultative Council, Administrative Councils, District Councils, and Village and Tribal Councils.
In 1927, the "Commission on Inspection and Reform," a committee which was tasked with reviewing the administrative system, was formed by order of Abdul-Aziz.
This will play an important role in Saudi Arabia's constitutional and administrative evolution.
It was also the center of the General Consultative Council, which played a significant role in the creation of the Council of Ministers.
In August 1926, Abdul-Aziz approved a comprehensive constitution that was called the Basic Regulation (al-Talimat al-Assasiah) for the province of Hijaz.
in Islamic Shari'ah with Honors from Umm al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia. degree from Harvard Law School, and continued as a Visiting Researcher at Harvard Law School for the academic year 2000-2001. Ansary received his Doctor of Juridical Science (S. D.) degree from the University of Virginia School of Law. Ansary provides legal consultancy and expertise to several branches of the U. government, commissions, federal courts, law firms and scholarly communities, and has been a member of several task forces charged with reviewing key issues related to homeland security. Ansary gave several presentations and speeches on various issues within his practice area, and authored or co-authored several congressional reports, published articles, and papers on the law and/or practice of foreign jurisdictions, national security law and policy, anti-terrorism legislation, human rights, and Islamic law and legal systems in national and international journals and newspapers.
In 1924, Abdul-Aziz ibn Sa'ud-the founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-1953)-took control of the Hijaz (the Western Province of Saudi Arabia), ending a long series of battles to consolidate and unite a vast but fragmented territory.