These excessively fine grains make the fabric very flat and regular, tending to imitate the canvas of a painting.The grain of 20th-century tapestry approximated that used in 14th- and 15th-century tapestry.These materials make possible greater variety and contrast of colour and texture and are better suited than wool to detail weaving or to creating delicate effects.In European tapestry, light-coloured silks were used to create pictorial effects of tonal gradation and spatial recession.Wholly Cotton and wool were employed for pre-Columbian Peruvian tapestries as well as for some of the tapestries made in the Islamic world during the Middle Ages.
Until the 19th century, tapestries were often ordered in Europe by the “room” rather than by the single panel.
Since the 18th and 19th centuries, however, the technical definition of tapestry has been narrowed to include only heavy, reversible, patterned or figured handwoven textiles, usually in the form of hangings or upholstery fabric.
Tapestry traditionally has been a luxury art afforded only by the wealthy, and even in the 21st century large-scale handwoven tapestries are too expensive for those with moderate incomes.designed as single panels or sets.
Tapestry, woven decorative fabric, the design of which is built up in the course of weaving.
Broadly, the name has been used for almost any heavy material, handwoven, machine woven, or even embroidered, used to cover furniture, walls, or floors or for the decoration of clothing.