In 1837, Emerson took Scott to Fort Snelling, in what is now the state of Minnesota and was then in the free territory of Wisconsin.There, Scott met and married Harriet Robinson, a slave owned by Lawrence Taliaferro.In February 1838, Emerson met and married Eliza Irene Sanford at Fort Jesup in Louisiana, whereupon he sent for the Scotts to join him.While on a steamboat on the Mississippi River, between the free state of Illinois and the Iowa district of Wisconsin Territory, Harriet Scott gave birth to their first child, whom they named Eliza after their mistress. Eventually, they would also have two sons, but neither survived past infancy.The marriage was formalized in a civil ceremony presided over by Taliaferro, who was a justice of the peace.Since slave marriages had no legal sanction, supporters of Scott would later point to this ceremony as evidence that Scott was being treated as a free man.The Emersons and Scotts returned to Missouri in 1840. After he died in the Iowa Territory in 1843, his widow Irene inherited his estate, including the Scotts.For three years after Emerson's death, she continued to lease out the Scotts as hired slaves.
The United States Supreme Court decided 7–2 against Scott, finding that neither he nor any other person of African ancestry could claim citizenship in the United States, and therefore Scott could not bring suit in federal court under diversity of citizenship rules. 1799 – September 17, 1858) was an enslaved African American man in the United States who unsuccessfully sued for his freedom and that of his wife and their two daughters in the Dred Scott v.Sandford case of 1857, popularly known as the "Dred Scott Decision".Henry Taylor Blow became a Republican Congressman after the Civil War, Charlotte Taylor Blow married the son of an abolitionist newspaper editor, and Martha Ella Blow married Charles D.Drake, one of Scott's lawyers who became a Republican Senator.