Managua is located on the southern shores of Lake Xolotlán, also known as Lake Managua.
Lake Xolotlán contains the same fish species as larger Lake Cocibolca in southeastern Nicaragua, except for the freshwater sharks found exclusively in the latter.
Managua's population is composed predominantly of mestizos and whites who are mainly of Spanish descent, with a minority being of French, Jewish Nicaraguan, German Nicaraguan, Italian, Russian and Turkish descent.
There are two possible origins for the name "Managua".
Managua's city area extends about 544 square kilometres (210 square miles), essentially south from the south shore of Lake Managua.Infrastructure was severely damaged and rehabilitation or restoration of buildings was nearly impossible.At the time, Managua's limited resources had to be directed to other disaster relief purposes.Managua had become Central America's most developed city.Today's references differentiate the pre-1970s Managua by labeling it as La Antigua Ciudad, which in English translates to "The Ancient City" or "The Old City".