Some tentative support for this view comes from the first-century BC Greek historian, Diodorus Siculus, who cites a lost account set down three centuries earlier, which described "a magnificent precinct sacred to Apollo and a notable spherical temple" on a large island in the far north, opposite what is now France.
The theory that the Druids were responsible may be the most popular one; however, the Celtic society that spawned the Druid priesthood came into being only after the year 300 BC.
From this work, he was able to demonstrate an astronomical or calendrical role in the stones' placement.
The architect John Wood was to undertake the first truly accurate survey of Stonehenge in 1740.
The first academic effort to survey and understand the monument was made around 1640 by John Aubrey. This view was greatly popularised by William Stukeley.
Aubrey also contributed the first measured drawings of the site, which permitted greater analysis of its form and significance.