To this Luther added the inadmissibility of the doctrine, as regards the Epistle of St. However, it was practically the Lutherans alone who sought to diminish the traditional Canon, which the Council of Trent was to define in 1546.
It was reserved to modern times, especially to our own days, to dispute and deny the truth of the opinion received from the ancients concerning the origin of the books of the New Testament.
To-day it is admitted that the first Gospels were written about the year 70.
Testament come from testamentum , the word by which the Latin ecclesiastical writers translated the Greek diatheke .The Acts of the Apostles , as is sufficiently indicated by the title, relates the preaching and the labours of the Apostles. Paul , and perhaps fourteen, if, with the Council of Trent, we consider him the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews .It narrates the foundation of the Churches of Palestine and Syria only; in it mention is made of Peter, John, James, Paul, and Barnabas; afterwards, the author devotes sixteen chapters out of the twenty-eight to the missions of St. They are, with the exception of this last-mentioned, addressed to particular Churches (Rom.; I, II Cor.; Gal.; Ephes.; Philip.; Colos.; I, II Thess.) or to individuals (I, II Tim.; Tit.; Philem.).The seven Epistles that follow (James; I, II Peter; I, II, III John; Jude) are called "Catholic", because most of them are addressed to the faithful in general.The Apocalypse addressed to the seven Churches of Asia Minor (Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamus, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea ) resembles in some ways a collective letter. John had at Patmos concerning the interior state of the above-mentioned communities, the struggle of the Church with pagan Rome, and the final destiny of the New Jerusalem. The books that compose it appeared one after another in the space of fifty years, i.e. Written in different and distant countries and addressed to particular Churches, they took some time to spread throughout the whole of Christendom, and a much longer time to become accepted.