During the 1980s and 1990s, the civil war in Somalia led to a large number of Somali immigrants, comprising the majority of the current Somali population in the UK.
The Somali community represents one of the largest Muslim groups in the UK.
In 1983, 90 per cent of Somali seamen living in Cardiff were unemployed.
Many of these refugees were women and children whose men had either been killed or had stayed in Somalia to fight, changing the Somali settlement from one of single seamen to that of refugee communities.
This was upheld as unlawful by an industrial tribunal and an appeal court, and the case contributed to considerable focus in the media on the issue of racism in the British shipping industry.
A second small group of seamen came during the Second World War with the Royal Navy, and stayed in search of employment.
If they meet the eligibility criteria they are then brought to the UK and granted indefinite leave to remain.
However, in a test case in June 2014, a judge granted an injunction to halt that deportation of a Somali man to Mogadishu.
While faced with several social challenges, community members include notable sports figures, filmmakers, activists and local politicians.
It has also established business networks and media organisations.